Urumqi is the capital of the Uighur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang in the People’s Republic of China. With over 2,000 km, it is the world’s farthest city from the sea and is just under 300 km from the Eurasian Inaccessible Pole. South of the city was the strategically important Silk Road connecting the cultures of the West with the East.
The city is home to 49 ethnic minorities. The three main ethnic groups in the city are Han, Hui, and Uighurs. Other ethnic groups in Urumqi are Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and Mongols.
Though it is remote, its history can be traced back to the Neolithic period. It was once a residence of some nomads in the north. From 1755, the development of this area began and the city was named Urumqi. In 1884 the name was changed to Dihua and the city was considered a political center. From 1954, it returned to its original name and has since become the capital of Xinjiang.
Tourist attractions in or near Urumqi are the Heavenly Lake, Hongshan, the South Mosque, the Xinjiang Regional Museum and the International Bazaar located in the city center.