The Mahabodhi Temple is a Buddhist temple in Bagan, Burma. It was built in the middle of the 13th century during the reign of King Htilominlo. The temple was built in a style typical of the Gupta period and contains a large pyramid-shaped tower with many niches with over 450 Buddha images.
The temple survived the 1975 Bagan earthquake and was repaired in the following years. The Mahabodhi Pagoda inside the city walls of ancient Bagan is a monument in a style unique to Bagan. The pagoda was built to resemble the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodhgaya, northern India, the place where the Buddha attained enlightenment about 25 centuries ago.
Another building in the Mahabodhi temple complex is the gemstone house called Ratana Gara, which contained a beautifully decorated altarpiece, which was severely damaged during the 1975 earthquake. The altarpiece can now be seen in the archaeological museum of Bagan.
The temple is a two-story building with a height of 43 meters. The pagoda and its square base are decorated with stucco and contain representations of several animals and Nat ghost figures. Both the lower and upper floors of the Mahabodhi temple contain a large seated Buddha image.