In a remote area of the Bagan Plain lies the magnificent Dhammayazik Pagoda. The pagoda was built around the end of the 12th century by King Narapatisithu to house a number of sacred Buddhist relics donated to him by the King of Sri Lanka.
The pagoda is a brick structure, surrounded by five smaller structures, each containing a picture of one of the five Buddhas. It is crowned by a very large, impressive bell-shaped, fully gilded dome. While most of the monuments in Bagan have a square layout, the Dhammayazika is pentagonal. There is an entrance on each of the five sides. The five-page floor plan is intended to depict the worship of the Maitreya Buddha, the future Buddha.
The three receding terraces that form the base of the dome contain glazed terracotta panels depicting the 547 Jataka stories, the stories from the Buddha’s past lives. The Dhammayazika Pagoda is located in a garden-like environment with flowers and trees in the otherwise mostly dry and often barren plains of Bagan.