The ancient city of Baisha is one of the oldest towns in Lijiang and the earliest settlement of Naxi, as well as the birthplace of “Tusi,” the head of the Mu Klan. Numerous ancient buildings constructed during the Ming Dynasty are located in the city, including Dabaoji Palace, Liuli Temple, and Wenchang Palace. Because of the white sand on the ground, the town was called “baisha,” which means “white sand” in the Naxi language.
The famous Baisha frescoes are located in Dabaoji Palace. They were painted especially in the early Ming Dynasty. Of the 55 existing murals, the largest is in the Hall Dabaoji. Most of the paintings tell religious stories from Daoism, Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism.
In Baisha you can experience the authentic life of Naxi people and their culture. The village, at the foot of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, is about 8 km north of Lijiang’s old town. It is much quieter than Lijiang or Shuhe because it is not commercialized.