Bayon

Bayon, Angkor 2017

The Bayon is next to the Angkor Wat the most famous and impressive temple complex in Angkor, Siem Reap. He is renowned for his towers with meter high stone carved faces. Since he has been changed several times, it is difficult to interpret. For a long time, he was considered a Hindu building but was then recognized as a Buddhist sanctuary.

In the late 12th century, King Jayavarman VII began building the new capital of the Khmer Empire, Angkor Thom. In the center of the town, which is about 1 km north of Angkor Wat, the Bayon was built as the main temple.

The Bayon differs from other temples in Angkor by several features: the central sanctuary is round, not square; the temple complex was rebuilt and extended over centuries; the temple is not surrounded by a wall but by open colonnades and of course by the approximately 200 to 7 meters high faces of the Lokeshvara.

 

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