The port of Hamburg is located at the River Elbe in the Hanseatic City of Hamburg. It is the largest seaport in Germany and the third largest in Europe after the Port of Rotterdam and Port of Antwerp. There are more than 900 ports in more than 170 countries. In keeping with its size, it also characterizes the cityscape of Hamburg and is one of the leading attractions.
The primary use of the port is cargo handling, while another important industry in the harbor is industrial production and processing of raw materials, in particular, the refinery of mineral oil, along with grain grinders and coffee and tea processing companies. The importance of shipbuilding in the port of Hamburg has steadily declined since the 1960s.