Hongcun is a village in the ancient Huizhou region of southern Anhui province, near the southwestern slope of Mount Huangshan.
The village is arranged in the form of an ox with the nearby hill (Leigang Hill), interpreted as a head, and two trees standing on it as the horns. Four bridges across the Jiyin Creek can be seen as the legs, while the houses of the village shape the body. Inside the “body” the Jiyin Brook represents the intestine and various lakes like the “South Sea” (Nanhu) mold the other internal organs.
The architecture and carvings of the approximately 150 residences of the Ming and Qing dynasties are among the best in China. A total of 18 buildings is now open to the public, such as the Lexu Hall, the South Sea School, and the Pian Yu Yi Zhi Monastery.
Together with Xidi, the village became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage in 2000.