When the emperor of the Song Dynasty first traveled south of the Yangtze River and arrived at this part of the Xixi River, he was impressed by the fertility of the earth and decided to build a settlement. Later he discovered the Phoenix mountain and said, “How would you like to stay here?”, Which means in Chinese ‘Xixi qie Liuxia’ and gave the place its present name. Liuxia was becoming thus one of the birthplaces of the local culture Hangzhou.
In the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, the area prospered, in particular through tea cultivation in the region. Today there are many cultural relics from this period in the old block, including numerous bridges and 142 restored and reconstructed buildings.