During the Dutch regime, the colonizers exchanged cloth by land, which was owned by the aborigines. They established commercial markets in Tainan and made the old city a business center. In response to long-term oppression by the Dutch colonial forces, local peasants rose in 1652 against the colonizers in the Guo Huaiyi Rebellion. To prevent such uprisings from reappearing in 1653, the Dutch built on Fort Provintia as a strategic military base and political center.
In 1661 the Dutch were defeated and expelled by the patriotic hero Cheng Cheng-Gong, and Fort Provintia became the highest administrative institution on the island. Six months later, Koxinga died. His son ruled in his place, and the once proud Fort Provintia was turned into a munitions depot.
Civil wars and natural catastrophes during the Qing Dynasty brought the Fort literally into ruins. In the late 19th century, several buildings were rebuilt at their original location. After some major renovations, the Fort Provintia finally became what it is today.
In addition to architecture, the nine imposing ‘Bixi Steles’ built during the reign of Emperor Qianlong deserve special attention. With a long history of hundreds of years, Fort Provintia has undergone many different periods of colonial rule. It is almost like a microcosm of modern Taiwanese history.
Good to know:
Opening Hours: April to September daily 8:00 – 21:30; October to March daily 8:30 – 21:30
Admission: 50 NT$