Macau is a special administrative zone of the People’s Republic of China about 50 kilometers west of Hong Kong. Until 1999 it was a Portuguese colony. Macau is rich in monuments from the colonial era. The primary sources of income are the legal gambling and related tourism from Hong Kong and mainland China, which is why Macau is often referred to as Monte Carlo of the East or Las Vegas of the East.
Macau is situated in the estuary delta of the Pearl River. The area of today’s special administrative area originally consisted of three islands. By land, the islands of Taipa and Coloane were connected to each other and Macau to the mainland. The UNESCO took the historic center of Macau in 2005 into the World Cultural Heritage.