Wat Phnom is the most famous stupa of Phnom Penh. Built on a 27-meter high artificial hill of 300 meters diameter, it is the tallest religious building in the city. The sanctuary is accessible by stairs and ramps.
According to the legend, the temple was built in 1372 by the wealthy widow Daun Chi Penh after she had found five Buddha statues in a Koki tree trunk on the banks of the Mekong River. She had the hill north-east of her house heaped up, and the temple, which was to house the statues, from the washed-up tree trunks. She gave the plant the name Wat Phnom Daun Penh.