Berlin is the federal capital of the Federal Republic of Germany and at the same time one of its countries. With a population of more than 3.5 million, the city of Berlin is the most populous municipality in Germany, with 892 square kilometers the largest in Germany. In addition to the rivers Spree and Havel, there are smaller river streams in the city as well as numerous lakes and forests.
Initially mentioned for the first time in the 13th century, Berlin was the residence and capital of Brandenburg, Prussia and the German Reich in the course of history and various forms of government. From 1949 the eastern part of the city was the capital of the German Democratic Republic. With German reunification in 1990, Berlin was once again the whole German capital.
Berlin is considered the world capital of culture, politics, the media, and sciences. The universities, research facilities, sports events and museums of Berlin enjoy an international reputation. The metropolis has the UNESCO title ‘City of Design’ and is one of the most visited centers on the continent. Berlin’s architecture, festivals, nightlife and varied living conditions are known all over the world.