Florence is a major Tuscan town with 382,808 inhabitants (as of 2015). 1.5 million people are living in the metropolitan area. Florence is the capital and largest city of Tuscany. Florence is located on the River Arno, which flows through the old town, and on the Mugnone, which flows from the north to the Arno, west of the old town. Coming from the south, the Ema passes to the Greve near Galluzzo, and then it joins the city of Florence in the Arno.
Florence is famous for its history. As the center of medieval European commerce and finance, it was one of the richest cities of the 15th and 16th centuries. Florence is considered the cradle of the Renaissance. Because of its cultural importance – especially for the fine arts – it has also been known as the “Italian Athens” since the 19th century.
In 1982, the historic inner city was placed under UNESCO World Heritage by UNESCO. The historic center of Florence reflects the city’s outstanding achievements in architecture. In particular, numerous buildings from the time of the Protestant Renaissance to the rule of the Medici were born in the 15th and 16th centuries, demonstrating the enormous economic and cultural importance of the city at that time.