The Czech Republic is a country in Central Europe with a population of around 10.5 million. The capital and largest city in the country is Prague. The Czech state was founded in the late 9th century by the unification of the Duchy of Bohemia with the Margrave of Moravia. The kingdom of Bohemia was formed from the two countries in 1085.
In 1918 Czechoslovakia was founded. In the spring of 1939, it was occupied by Hitler-Germany. Slovakia became a state of its own, and the Czech part of Bohemia and Moravia became a protectorate.
In 1945 the country was freed and occupied by the Nazi regime with the support of the Czechoslovak exile. In 1948 the Communist Party (KSČ) took over the power in the so-called February Revolution. As a satellite state of the USSR, the country became a part of the Eastern bloc and a member of the Warsaw Pact.
The reform movement Prague Spring was defeated by Warsaw Pact troops in 1968. In 1989, after the Velvet Revolution under Václav Havel, democracy was restored. Today’s Czech Republic was founded on 1 January 1993 by the division of Czechoslovakia.