Varadero is a special area on the north coast of Cuba on the peninsula Hicacos, about 120 kilometers east of Havana. Originally inhabited by Indians, the peninsula was cut down by the Spaniards for shipbuilding, and its caves served as a shelter for pirates.
In the 19th century, Cuban hacienda owners began to build summer villas on Varadero beach. The first parcels for apartments were approved in 1887 in the area of today’s roads 42 to 48. At this point, tourism in Varadero also began.
Varadero has today about 7,000 inhabitants on the peninsula Hicacos as well as another 13,000 in the localities Santa Marta and Boca de Camarioca.