Matanzas is the capital of the province of the same name in Cuba with 151,624 inhabitants (as of 2012). The city is only 3 m above sea level, 102 km east of Havana, 40 km west of Varadero and 833 km west of Santiago de Cuba between the Yumuri and San Juan rivers in the northwest of Cuba.
In 1693, the city was founded. The name Matanzas means “slaughter” and stands for the slaughterings carried out at the port. It is the only port where cattle were formerly exported.