As one of the longest rivers in the world, it flows with a length of about 3100 kilometers to the confluence of the Ganges through the territory of the states of China, India, and Bangladesh. Its course is partly variable, sometimes difficult to access and crosses several cultural areas, which has led to many different names for partial sections. In Tibet, the Brahmaputra is called Tsangpo.
The Brahmaputra (Tsangpo) originates on the north side of the Middle Himalayas 130 km east of the Gang Rinpoche (Kailash). After the confluence of three streams, the middle and the most abundant of which flows from the glacier Jema Yangdzom, the river is named for the next 268 kilometers Matsang. The river runs a total of 2057 kilometers in Tibet, approximately 160 kilometers north parallel to the main line of the Himalayas towards the east.
Often it’s straight-lined valley separates the Himalayas from the Transhimalaya in the north, accompanied by major warp-lines. The high valley, marked by dry grasslands, is broad and long-stretched, interrupted by narrow passages. The rambling Tsangpo is more than 650 km/ h fast and more than 3650 meters above sea level, making it the highest possible shipping route on earth.